Epenthesis in phonology

The findings of this study reveal the indispensability of the syllable in describing and explaining epenthesis and deletion in MTG by comparing a syllable-devoid account and a syllable-based account of such processes.

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    The phonology of epenthetic stops

    There is no epenthesis from a historical perspective since the a-t is derived from Latin habet 'he has' , and so the t is the original third-person verb inflection. However it is correct to call it epenthesis when viewed synchronically since the modern basic form of the verb is a and so the psycholinguistic process is therefore the addition of t to the base form. A similar example is the English indefinite article a , which becomes an before a vowel. In Dutch , whenever the suffix -er which has several meanings is attached to a word already ending in -r , an additional -d- is inserted in between.

    Similarly, the agent noun of verkopen "to sell" is verkoper "salesperson" , but the agent noun of uitvoeren "to perform" is uitvoer d er "performer". However, the pronunciation was often not written with double ll , and may have been the normal way of pronouncing a word starting in rel- rather than a poetic modification. A limited number of words in Japanese use epenthetic consonants to separate vowels. That is a synchronic analysis. Some accounts distinguish between "intrusive vowels", vowel-like releases of consonants as phonetic detail, and true epenthetic vowels, which are required by the phonotactics of the language and acoustically identical with phonemic vowels.

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    Many languages insert a so-called prop vowel at the end of a word to avoid the loss of a non-permitted cluster. The cluster can come about by a change in the phonotactics of the language that no longer permits final clusters. Something similar happened in Sanskrit , with the result that a new vowel -i or -a was added to many words. Another possibility is a sound change deleting vowels at the end of a word, which is a very common sound change.

    (PDF) Consonant Epenthesis and the Problem of Unnatural Phonology | Bert Vaux - manpedibodazz.gq

    That may well produce impermissible final clusters. Examples are common in many Slavic languages , which had a preference for vowel-final syllables in earlier times.

    The same occurs in the song " Umbrella ". Epenthesis often breaks up a consonant cluster or vowel sequence that is not permitted by the phonotactics of a language.

    Phonological Rules (Assimilation, Dissimilation, Insertion, Deletion)

    Regular or semi-regular epenthesis commonly occurs in languages with affixes. That is again a synchronic analysis, as the form with the vowel is the original form and the vowel was later often lost. Vocalic epenthesis typically occurs when words are borrowed from a language that has consonant clusters or syllable codas that are not permitted in the borrowing language. Epenthesis most often occurs within unfamiliar or complex consonant clusters. Epenthesis is sometimes used for humorous or childlike effect.

    For example, the cartoon character Yogi Bear says "pic-a-nic basket" for "picnic basket. Some apparent occurrences of epenthesis, however, have a separate cause: the pronunciation of nuclear as nucular arises out of analogy with other - cular words binocular , particular , etc.