These incidents include domestic violence, driving while intoxicated and offenses related to damaged property. Legal and illegal drugs excluding alcohol are involved in about 16 percent of motor vehicle crashes. In the past year, almost 12 million people drove under the influence of illicit drugs, and almost 4, fatally injured drivers tested positive for drug involvement. Illicit drug use poses risks for pregnant women and their babies.
Drugs may contain impurities that can be harmful to an unborn baby. Pregnant women who use drugs may be more likely to harm the fetus with risky behaviors and poor nutrition.
What Is Addiction?
Drug use can lead to premature birth or low birth weight. It can also cause the baby to have withdrawal symptoms sometimes in the form of neonatal abstinence syndrome , birth defects or learning and behavioral problems later in life. An estimated 14 percent of adults with an illicit substance use disorder reported receiving treatment in the past year.
Skip to content. Call Us Today at Addiction Destroys Dreams, we can help. Effects of drug abuse and addiction.
Addiction : Addiction And Addiction
What is drug abuse? The Effects of Drug Abuse on Health. Side effects of drug addiction may include: A weakened immune system, increasing the risk of illness and infection Heart conditions ranging from abnormal heart rates to heart attacks and collapsed veins and blood vessel infections from injected drugs Nausea and abdominal pain, which can also lead to changes in appetite and weight loss Increased strain on the liver, which puts the person at risk of significant liver damage or liver failure Seizures, stroke, mental confusion and brain damage Lung disease Problems with memory, attention and decision-making, which make daily living more difficult Global effects of drugs on the body, such as breast development in men and increases in body temperature, which can lead to other health problems The most severe health consequences of drug abuse is death.
Drug Effects on Behavior Substance use disorders can lead to multiple behavioral problems, both in the short- and long-term, which can include:. Effects of Drug Abuse on Unborn Babies. Sharing the needles used to inject certain drugs can give you diseases like hepatitis C, hepatitis B, and HIV. You can also spread common colds, the flu, and mono from sharing pipes and bongs. Refusing to give up drugs could end up making you unemployed, which comes with even more issues.
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Substance abuse also impacts your productivity and success at work and in school. The time spent searching for, using and recuperating from drugs can be better spent learning new skills to advance your career. The legal issues tied to drug use will increase your bills as well. Your car and health insurance rates may increase and you will have to find a way to pay for arrest warrants, DUIs, and legal counsel.
Even worse, you also have an increased risk of death through both suicide and homicide. These drug-related deaths are on the rise, doubling since the early s. Alcohol specifically results in 5. National Institute on Drug Abuse. Medical Consequences of Drug Abuse. World Health Organization. Alcohol and Injury.
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Melissa DeCapua is a board-certified psychiatric nurse practitioner with a doctorate in nursing practice. While specific incentives differ from person to person, generally speaking, people start using drugs to escape or mask pain. In some individuals, the onset of drug use can be from untreated psychiatric issues including anxiety and depression. The rush of pleasure from using drugs can provide temporary solace from suffering, which can stem from many mental health or other issues including the following:.
Addiction and Negative Effects of Drug Abuse on the Human Body & Brain
But whatever their reason for starting, once addiction sets in, the disease usually spirals more and more out of their control. For most people, the initial decision to take drugs is voluntary. But as they are swept up into the cycle of addiction, the neural pathways in their brain change so they are less able to control their behavior and resist their intense impulses.
It works like this: the brain rewards pleasurable experiences such as food, intimacy, and laughter with surges of feel-good chemicals like dopamine. But using drugs triggers the release of much more dopamine than chocolate or cuddling does, and the rush of euphoria compels them to repeat the experience. The more someone uses drugs, the more they condition their brain to anticipate the same substance-fueled pleasant sensations.
The brain becomes wired for addiction. They need drugs just to keep feeling normal. Not everyone who experiments with drugs becomes an addict. Physical and sexual abuse, peer pressure, stress, and parental guidance can greatly affect the occurrence of substance abuse. Although a person can become an addict at any age, the earlier substance use begins , the more likely it will escalate to serious addiction.
The sad truth is that more deaths, illnesses, and disabilities are caused by substance abuse than by any other preventable health condition. Prolonged drug dependence interferes with just about every organ in the human body, and while different drugs have different damaging effects, these are some of the common conditions substance abuse can cause:.
The best way to prevent permanent damage is to seek professional treatment ASAP to overcome the addiction.