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- Handler, Ruth.
The furniture was more profitable than the picture frames and it was decided to concentrate on toy manufacturing. The company's first big-seller was the "Uke-a-doodle", a toy ukulele. Ruth Handler claimed her daughter Barbara , who was becoming a pre-teen, played with paper dolls by pretending they were adults. She wanted to produce a three-dimensional plastic "paper doll" with an adult body and a wardrobe of fabric clothing, but her husband and Mr.
Matson thought parents would not buy their children a doll with a voluptuous figure. While the Handler family was vacationing in Europe, Ruth Handler saw the German Bild Lilli doll which was not a children's toy, but rather an adult gag gift in a Swiss shop and brought it home. The Lilli doll was a representation of the same concept Ruth had been trying to sell to other Mattel executives. Once home, she reworked the design of the doll and named her Barbie after the Handlers' daughter, Barbara. When Disney introduced The Mickey Mouse Club children's television show, Mattel invested heavily in television advertising.
Collection: Papers of Ruth Handler, | HOLLIS for Archival Discovery
Subsequently, they would add a boyfriend for Barbie named Ken, after the Handlers' son, and many other "friends and family" to Barbie's world. Handler was diagnosed with breast cancer in She had a modified radical mastectomy , which was often used at the time to combat the disease, and because of difficulties in finding a good breast prosthesis, she decided to make her own.
Handler went on to found a company, Ruthton Corp. She personally fitted one for the then first lady, Betty Ford.
In , Handler resigned from Mattel after investigations of producing fraudulent financial reports. Though the Handlers took a more hands-off approach to their company's business practice after resigning, they continued to create new ideas. One project Handler took on in the s was Barbie and the Rockers.
She was credited as a writer of the film Barbie and the Rockers: Out of this World. Handler was inducted into the Junior Achievement U. Business Hall of Fame in She died in California from complications of surgery for colon cancer on April 27, , aged From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article has multiple issues. Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page. Learn how and when to remove these template messages. This article has an unclear citation style. The references used may be made clearer with a different or consistent style of citation and footnoting.
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This article needs additional citations for verification. We can buy that easily enough, but when Lord describes Barbie as "an incarnation of the One Goddess with a thousand names. The photographs are terrific, too, especially, the close-up of the original Barbie with her sly eyes and arched brows. They are taught young that buying certain clothes, consuming brand-name soft drinks and owning the right possessions will make them sexy and cool—and being sexy and cool is the most important thing.
Eating disorders and body image issues are common as early as grade school. Levin and Kilbourne stress that there is nothing wrong with a young person's natural sexual awakening, but it is wrong to allow a young person's sexuality to be hijacked by corporations who want them as customers. The authors offer advice on how parents can limit children's exposure to commercialized sex, and how parents can engage kids in constructive, age-appropriate conversation about sex and the media. From its original base in California to Orlando, Florida, eastward to Japan, hopping to France, and then Hong Kong, Disneyland culture has spread worldwide.
The influence of Disneyland culture goes beyond the boundaries of these parks; Jackson and West develop the theme of how and why. Mary Rogers, who is Professor of Sociology at the University of West Florida, develops the Barbie theme to explain its significance in popular culture.
Rogers finds issues in some interpretations of Barbie "reproducing ethnicity and gender" in a coarse, potentially damaging way, noting a level of "racism and sexism. Barbie's complete sexual identity is not so well-defined, ad her social class is also somewhat ambiguous, her place of privilege not a necessity for her role in the play-lives of girls.
Barbie is though, a consummate consumer with a body that is "the perfect metaphor of modern times. Healthy food abounds in the U. Why do girls and young women develop eating disorders such as anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, binge eating? These can lead to illness, psychological anguish, organ damage and in its ultimate steps, death.
Barbie's role in body image dissatisfaction is also touched on. Why the cultural obsession? Weissman fills us in. Barbie has pervaded pop culture. The average American girl has ten Barbies, and there are two Barbie dolls sold somewhere in the world every second. Barbie is a beloved toy for most girls, and for a subsection of those enamored with this feminine icon that seems to have everything, she is more than a doll, she is an obsession.
Islam fundamentalists, in contrast, take an oppositional stance to this icon of upwardly successful, independent, single, sexual Western model of femininity, with countries like Saudia Arabia and Iran going so far as to banning the doll Lord, M. Some are very defensive of this childhood icon. One mother said that she played with Barbie dolls growing up, is very well adjusted, has no body-image issues or resultant eating disorder, and so asks "So, what is the big deal? Susan Albers, Psy.
Ruth Handler, Inventor of the Barbie Doll Essay
Bry, Lie. Playing with Barbie dolls as children, some say, can result in eating disorders for teen girls, among other psychological distresses.
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While playing with Barbie dolls as a girl does not guarantee a future body-dissatisfaction complex or necessarily precipitate an eating disorder, there may be some truth to the idea that Barbie is part of the commercial package contributing to the surge in eating disorders over the past 50 years — about how long Barbie has been around. Of course, most mental health issues have no single cause and are usually multifaceted in their etiology. Ruth Handler and her husband started a toy manufacturing company that produced a then-controversial toy known as the Burp Gun, which Handler went to lengths to defend as appropriate for children.
Then Handler noticed how her daughter played dolls with her friends, and instead of playing house with baby dolls, chose adult fashion paper dolls. The girls used the dolls in roles other than that of motherhood motherhood was the typical way in which dolls had been historically used by girls in the past. The girls were projecting their own futures and dreams when coming of age as women through their pretend play with dolls Cloer, L.
Lilli was patterned after a raunchy German comic strip, and was dressed as basically a streetwalker or prostitute. Barbie "may be the most potent icon of American popular culture in the late twentieth century," says Newsday writer M. Barbie was first unveiled at the Toy Fair and sales gained momentum until today when 90 percent of American girls, as well as girls from other countries, own at least one of these icons.
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When Barbie dolls began to gain popularity, feminists fought against it, claiming that the Barbie doll encouraged girls to look at themselves either as mannequins, sex objects or housekeepers. However, Mary F. Rogers in the book Barbie Culture , describes Barbie as "a creature of privilege" who isn't content to stay home, look pretty and clean house. Some of Barbie's diverse character roles have been an Olympic athlete and competitor, an air force pilot, a boutique owner, a fashion designer, a presidential candidate, a veterinarian, NASCAR driver, pilot, even a paleontologist, over professions in all.
One Barbie aficionado said of her childhood years, "When I played with her, I could make her do and be anything I wanted. Never before or since have I found such an ideal method of living vicariously through anyone or anything. The name of the woman who made this statement is Cindy Jackson. Jackson has been using multiple plastic surgery procedures to restructure her appearance to that of a Barbie doll.
If Barbie were the height of a real human, her dimensions would be, by some estimates, That figure can be found in only around 1 in , women. Some have described her figure as "anorexic", when you interpolate her dimensions to a five-foot six-inch woman.
The History of Barbie Doll and the Related Controversies
For those aged six to seven the negative effects were even stronger. Site Search : search tips sitemap. Karen Carpenter who died of anorexia in at the age of Certificate validity: 04 Apr - Apr In the Spotlight. Psychiatric Labeling Labeling People. Adventure Therapy. Positive Steps and Interventions.